Imports and Export Law, ITAR & EAR
Expert Legal Services in Imports and Exports
The U.S. Government regulates exports and imports within the United States and overseas through the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and Export Administration Regulations (EAR). Since the September 11, 2001 attacks, the U.S. Government has increased its scrutiny of educational institutions and various industries to ensure export control compliance. In addition, the U.S. Government launched the Export Control Reform (ECR) initiative to improve the entire export control and enforcement regime.
The ongoing scrutiny and latest reforms require U.S. exporters, small businesses, and individuals to review their practices and operating procedures and refresh their compliance programs. Centre Law & Consulting attorneys are ready to counsel clients, develop compliance policies and train employees, and represent companies in internal-investigations, disclosure, and enforcement matters.
Areas of practice and legal solutions include:
- Drafting Commodity Jurisdiction Requests
- Reviewing and revising export compliance policies and training
- Counseling Clients on legislative changes related to the U.S. export control reform initiative
- Conducting on-site training on the ITAR, EAR, and Office of Foreign Asset Control (OFAC) requirements
- Defending clients faced with notices of proposed debarments, suspensions, and requests for information (See more about Suspension and Debarments)
- Assisting Clients and in-house counsel with internal investigations
- Advising Clients on voluntary and mandatory disclosures and guide Clients during the disclosure process
Our attorneys have over 30 years of experience in Import and Exports Law and are ready to assist you today.
Centre's Imports and Exports Legal Experts
Tyler Freiberger is an associate attorney at Centre Law & Consulting primarily focusing on employment law, litigation, and compliance with regulations on federal contractors. He has successfully litigated employment issues before the EEOC, MSPB, local counties human rights commissions, the United States D.C. District Court, Maryland District Court, and the Eastern District of Virginia. On behalf of Centre Law & Consulting, he has advised federal contractors on compliance with the Service Contract Labor Standards/the Service Contract Act and examined contractor products for BAA/TAA certification
Learn More About Centre's Import & Export Expertise
Imports and Export Law, ITAR & EAR FAQs
WHAT IS ITAR?
The ITAR stands for the International Traffic in Arms Regulations. The ITAR is a set of U.S. Government regulations on the export and import of defense-related articles and services. Many U.S. Government contracts require that U.S. prime contractors are “ITAR compliant.” The U.S. Department of State is responsible for implementing the ITAR. Compliance with the ITAR requirements is very important.
What is EAR?
The EAR stands for the Export Administration Regulations. The EAR is a set of U.S. Government regulations on the export and import of commercial items. Many of the commercial items may be “dual-use” which means that they both have commercial and military functions. The U.S. Department of Commerce is responsible for implementing the EAR. Compliance with the EAR requirements is very important.
I am scheduled to export software and technology overseas. What should I be concerned about?
According to the U.S. Department of Commerce, many controlled items, including software and technology, require a license from the Bureau of Industry and Security. Each exporter has the responsibility to obtain a license when the EAR requires it. When you are deciding whether a license is required, the U.S. Department of Commerce recommends to ask the following questions: (1) what is being exported? (2) where is the item being exported? (3) who will receive the item? and (4) how will the item be used?
What are some penalties for violating U.S. import and export regulations?
Penalties may range from criminal convictions, debarment, fines, loss of export and import privileges, suspension and termination of contract. For example, according to the recent U.S. Department of Commerce Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) report in 2014, BIS investigations led to the criminal convictions of 39 individuals and businesses for export violations with penalties of over $137 million in criminal fines, and more than $1 million in forfeitures and 568 months in imprisonment, addition of 155 new parties onto the BIS Entity List, and 44 administrative export cases completed with over $60 million in civil penalties.
Aside from EAR and ITAR what should I be concerned with?
There are many regulations involved in the U.S. export control and enforcement regime. In addition to the ITAR and EAR, exporters must comply with the Office of Foreign Asset Control regulations, the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives regulations, U.N. Security Council sanctions, and international sanctions and embargoes.
What are some dangers of export compliance?
Without a comprehensive compliance program, export violations may occur without knowing about them. Some of the potential danger areas include:
- Disclosing controlled technology information to a foreign national in the U.S. or overseas
- Shipping or using technical equipment overseas
- Exchanging information with international research partners
- Conducting transactions with blocked parties
- Shipping especially sensitive items overseas (night vision, missile related, high-caliber weapons, drones)